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       The SSI program is a program that provides income support to people with disabilities and. #3,868,266, 2/25/1975, Alumina coatings for an electric lamp #4,079,288, 3/13/1978, Alumina coatings for mercury vapor lamps. Hansberry is best remembered for her classic play A Raisin in the Sun. Debuting on Broadway in 1959, the play reveals the struggles associated with achieving the. Recently hansberry 'a unfinished play, Les Blancs has performed by regional theater companies. also been making the regional rounds. The principal chief of the Dakota Sioux was fierce, determined, and less than forgiving of the white miners who tried to take over the Black Hills in the late 1870s. Sitting Bull was born in 1831 and, while he earned a reputation for being ruthless in the Native American resistance efforts of his younger days, his big moment came in 1876. Trying to protect their land, Sitting Bull and his men defeated Custer's troops at the Battle of Little Bighorn. Sitting Bull then escaped to Canada. In 1881, he returned to America on the promise of a pardon, which he received. The legendary warrior then joined Buffalo Bill 's Wild West Show, showcasing his riding skills and hunting prowess. But when he died at 69, Sitting Bull was still advising his people to hold on to their land and their heritage. Not much is known about Pontiac's early life, but it is believed that he was born in the Detroit or Maumee River region to Ottawan parents, and, by age 30, he was a prominent figure within his tribe. After the French and Indian War, Pontiac was none too pleased with the British and their trading policies. He responded with widespread attacks against British forts and settlements in the Ohio region during 1763, which came to be known as Pontiac's Rebellion. However, neighboring tribes and other Native American leaders didn't like the way Pontiac conducted himself. Some felt he used a fake title of "chief" given to him by the white man to exert influence and enjoy undue power. Pontiac was killed by a member of the Peoria tribe in 1769. 11 Amazing Achievements by Black Americans in the 18th Century. Brigadier General Daniel Mogran - Key commander at Saratoga and Cowpens. Major General Nathanael Greene - Commander, Continental Army in the South (1780-1783). American Civil War: Major General Horatio G. Wright. ThoughtCo is part of the Dotdash publishing family. Murphy is now Snapchat's chief technology officer. He originally built the app with his Stanford fraternity brother, Evan Spiegel. To date, his net worth is $4.2 billion and growing. He's just 31 years old, so he has plenty of years to continue growing his massive fortune. The 41 year old started his career at Apple as a Wi-Fi tester, but only 10 months later he founded Ubiquiti, where he began working full-time in 2005. He used $30,000 of savings and accrued credit card debt to start the company. It seems like it was well worth it. Civil Rights Movement Timeline From 1960 to 1964. Three Unforgettable Women of the Black Arts Movement. Alejandro was one of the main negotiators for the Anheuser-Busch InBev and SABMiller merger in 2016. Alejandro is now on the board of Anheuser-Busch InBev. He's 42 years old. Andres, 41, also has a stake in Anheuser-Busch InBev and sits on the New York Public Library Conservation International board of directors. general funds, not the Social Security trust funds, pay for SSI. Ted Lieu was born in Taiwan in 1969. His family emigrated to the U.S. and settled in Ohio when Lieu was three years old. He now serves as the incumbent of California's 33rd Congressional District. In 2017, Lieu was appointed Whip of the Democratic party by Nancy Pelosi. That means that Lieu makes sure congressional leaders within the party follow patterns and guidelines set by the party. In 2012, Lieu penned a bill that ended conversion therapy. Most recently, Lieu was named a manager of the Second Impeachment of Trump. Like many other figures on this list, Lieu is poised to continue being a major player in the political landscape. Like all of the people on this list, Lieu remains an inspiring leader, and will be regarded as one in many history books to come. Elon Musk grew up in South Africa, graduated from the University of Pennsylvania and became a U.S. citizen in 2002. Responsible for developing PayPal, Musk also initially funded the electric car company Tesla Motors with the goal of revolutionizing transportation. While Tesla has had major success, the world still seems a bit behind where electricity-powered transportation is concerned. Where you know his British accent from: A Knight's Tale. At 33 years old, Lukas Walton is worth about $18.5 billion. He's no self-made billionaire, but money is money. Part of that net worth involves his stake in Walmart, but he also has stakes in First Solar and Uvrest Bank. What Is Black History Month and How Did It Begin?. Brigadier General Hugh Mercer - American general killed in 1777. VA updates disability rating schedules for genitourinary and cardiovascular systems. Bellis, Mary. "Black History Month - African American Inventors." ThoughtCo, Jul. 31, 2021, thoughtco.com/african-american-inventors-m-1991297. D546453, 7/10/2007, Ray Cassette Holder (for the medical field of Radiology). August Wilson has been one of the only African-American playwrights to have consistent success Broadway. Wilson has written a series of plays that are set in specific decades throughout the 20th century. These plays include Jitney, Fences, The Piano Lesson, Seven Guitars, as well as Two Trains Running. Wilson has won the Pulitzer Prize twice--for Fences and The Piano Lesson. The uprising of enslaved people resonated deeply for decades. Scott Duncan was the youngest heir (after his three older siblings) to get stake in Enterprise Products Partners, his father's oil-pipeline company. Only his older sister Randa Williams is involved in the company. Scott and his two other siblings decided to take their inheritances and virtually wipe their hands clean of the firm. How the Emancipation Proclamation Ended Enslavement in the U.S. B.B. King: King was an American blues singer known as "The King of the Blues.". Sarah Vaughan: Vaughan was one of the greatest jazz vocalists in history whose career spanned almost 50 years. Due to the lack of basic hygiene, malnourishment, and dehydration diseases spread wildly and death was common. (1706-1790) Author, politician, diplomat, scientist and statesman. Franklin urged the colonies to join together and one of the strongest supporters for the idea of a United States. Alfred R. Waud. "The First Vote." From Harper's Weekly, November 16, 1867. Copyprint. (1915– 1959) Influential and iconic jazz and blues singer. Nicknamed 'Lady Day' she developed a unique and haunting voice, influenced by the jazz musicians she played with. The majority of African Americans are the descendants of Africans who were forced into slavery after being captured during African wars or raids. They were purchased and brought to America as part of the Atlantic slave trade. [18]. (1961– )– US athlete and Olympian. Carl Lewis won nine gold medals in the 100-metres, 100-metre relay and long jump. Prints and Photographs Division. Reproduction Number: LC-USZC4-6164 (5-22). The First Colored Senator and Representatives, in the 41st and 42nd Congress of the United States. Washington: Currier & Ives, 1872. Color lithograph. Other colonies followed suit by passing laws that made slave status heritable and non-Christian imported servants slaves for life. [28]. (1899– 1980)– English / American film producer. Hitchcock is considered the master film director, producing some of Hollywood's greatest films, such as Psycho, Rear Window and Birds. Originally, a majority of the future slaves came from these villages and societies, however, once they were sent to the Americas and enslaved, these different peoples had European standards and beliefs forced upon them, causing them to do away with tribal differences and forge a new history and culture that was a creolization of their common past, present, and European culture. [20]. (1948– ) American author of epic fantasy series– A Song of Ice and Fire,– his international best-selling series of fantasy has been adapted for the screen as "The Game of Thrones.". The women on the ships often endured rape by the crewmen. [19]. Because blacks in South Carolina vastly outnumbered whites, the newly-enfranchised voters were able to send so many African American representatives to the state assembly that they outnumbered the whites. Many were able legislators who worked to rewrite the state constitution and pass laws ensuring aid to public education, universal male franchise, and civil rights for all. (1947– ) US politician who became the first women to run for the office of US president for a major political party (Democrats). Also served as Secretary of State from 2009 to 2013. First lady for husband Bill Clinton. Thomas by stealing weapons and passing them to the men below as well as engaging in hand-to-hand combat with the ship's crew. [23]. An African American Majority in the South Carolina Legislature. Women and TEENren were often kept in rooms set apart from the main hold. This gave crewmen easy access to the women which was often regarded as one of the perks of the trade system. [23]. (1911– 2004)– US President (1980– 1988) Reagan sought to roll back the frontiers of the state and pursued an aggressive anti-Communist foreign policy. (1929– 1994)– wife of JF. Kennedy. Under her direction, she helped to modernise the White House and was a popular counterpart to JFK's presidency. A series of tours by the Fisk Jubilee Singers was one of the most important factors in the spread of the spiritual. The first tour in 1871 was to raise money for Fisk University. It was the hearing of these spirituals as sung by the Fisk Jubilee Singers that first made general audiences conscious of their beauty. Laws in Relation to Freedmen, U.S. Sen. 39th Congress, 2nd Sess. Senate Executive Doc. No. 6. (1908– 1993) US civil rights lawyer and the first African-American appointed to the US Supreme Court Justice. Marshall was the lead lawyer in the pivotal Supreme Court Case Brown vs Board of Education, Topeka (1954) which overturned legal segregation in the US. ] Before the 1660s, the North American mainland colonies were still fairly small in size and did not have a great demand for labour, so colonists did not import large numbers of enslaved Africans at this point. [. Virginia settlers treated these captives as indentured servants and released them after a number of years. [. The Sierra Leone region included territory from the Casamance to the Assinie in the modern countries of Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia and Côte d'Ivoire;. From the time of being captured in Africa to the arrival to the plantations of the European masters, took an average of six months. [19]. (1919-1974) US baseball. First African-American to play in Major League baseball– breaking the decades old 'color bar' Robinson led the Brooklyn Dodgers to six Pennants and one World Series. Major figure in US civil rights movement. Prints and Photographs Division. Reproduction Number: LC-USZ62-28044 (5-11). (1958– 2009) American pop singer. Initially starting off with the Jackson Five, Michael pursued his own solo career, becoming one of the best selling artists of all time. Charles Lindbergh (1902– 1974) US air pilot, inventor and environmentalist. In 1927, Lindbergh succeeded in making the first non-stop flight from New York to Paris. It hit the headlines again when his TEEN was abducted and murdered in 1932. Northern teachers, many of whom were white women, traveled into the South to provide education and training for the newly freed population. Schools from the elementary level through college provided a variety of opportunities, from the rudiments of reading and writing and various types of basic vocational training to classics, arts, and theology. This school in Richmond shows women of color learning the fine points of sewing..
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Famous african american leaders